Welcome to issue no. 1 / 2007 of EWC News.                11 April 2007    


The training and consultancy network "euro-workscouncil.net"
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  1. Plant competition as a challenge for the EWC

EADS in crisis?


The aircraft manufacturer, Airbus, the most important division of the EADS group, has not yet come to a halt. With the program "Power8", costs amounting to billions will be cut, even though the company’s books are full of orders. Administrative costs are supposed to be reduced by 30 per cent, the production tightened up and distributed around the plants more efficiently. Part of the production will go to companies outside the group and a number of sites will be sold to investors. These plans were triggered off by a delay in supplies to the wide-body aircraft A 380.


The European works council was informed about the program "Power8" on 28th February 2007. On the previous day the EADS coordination group of the European Metalworkers’ Federation (EMF) in Brussels had decided on a catalogue of demands. After the announcement of the Power8 program by the employer, IG Metall also formulated its demands in the "Varel Declaration".

In anticipation of the EWC meeting in Toulouse on 14th March 2007, trade unions had prepared more than 100 questions for central management. These were not all answered. The management gave the impression of holding a monologue rather than a discussion with the workers' representatives, as the French trade union, Force Ouvrière (FO), said in a press release after the meeting.

The workers' representatives are not just demanding the withdrawing of the "Power8" restructuring plan but also want to conduct negotiations about the industrial future of Airbus. On 16th March 2007 protests took place for this reason, 20,000 workers protested in Hamburg alone (see photo). In all Airbus plants Europe-wide 40,000 people participated. Another EWC meeting in Toulouse on 4th April 2007 also produced no result although thousands of workers went on strike again for four hours the evening before.


International solidarity at Airbus wasn't automatic. The FO trade union, which has strong support in the workforce (winning 47% of the votes at the works council elections in Toulouse), published a report in January 2007, according to which French locations are more efficient and more economic than all other plants in Europe. Rüdiger Lütjen, chairman of the Airbus Germany group works council, called this study "impertinence", rejecting its contents completely. German plants would be at least as productive as French ones - if not more productive from time to time. The following documents are only available in German:

Interview with the EWC chairman


What does the EADS Group workers' representatives’ cooperation look like in practice? There are several European division works councils for the different divisions within the holding (e.g. for Airbus). The chairperson of the EWC for EADS as a whole, Gérard Patot (photo), comes from the helicopter production of Eurocopter in the Marignane plant near Marseilles. He is a member of the trade union FO and heads the European division works council Eurocopter. Kathleen Kollewe has interviewed him about his experiences for EWC News.


Nokia Siemens Networks refuses to disclose data

Workers' representatives of Siemens and Nokia from Germany, Finland, France, Belgium, Spain and Austria met at the European Metalworkers’ Federation (EMF) in Brussels on 14 February 2007. Although the merger of the network divisions took place on 1st April 2007, the works councils didn’t get any reliable figures or financial documents from management in order to be able to form an opinion about the consequences. 10 - 15 % of the 60,000 workers of this joint venture are to be cut. In a press release the management was criticized for its lack of transparency. There isn't a European works council for Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) till now yet, at present the coordination committee of the EMF is representing workers' interests.


BNP Paribas informs EWC very late


After the takeover of the Italian bank BNL (Banca Nazionale del Lavoro), with 17,000 workers, by BNP Paribas, the European works council of the French bank finds itself confronted with a renegotiation of its EWC agreement. More than the distribution of mandates will come under scrutiny. The more important question regards the position workers' representatives take regarding the staff cuts, resulting from the merger, which is currently taking place in Italy, Spain and Luxembourg. In an extraordinary meeting on 20th February 2007, the EWC was informed about the plans for the first time. There have been intense bilateral contacts between the trade unions CGT (France) and CGIL (Italy) in the past however they were unable to develop a Europe-wide perspective for the current negotiations of a social compensation plan.



Basic agreement for RWE Energy


The European works council and the central management of RWE Energy signed a basic agreement concerning the handling of restructurings in Dortmund on 14th March 2007. The agreement is valid in Germany, Czechia, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Austria and the Netherlands. It is based on the EWC agreement of 2005. There isn't one European works council for the entire group but separate committees in each division.


Europe-wide negotiations at Sanofi-Aventis


The central management of the French pharmaceutical company has recently agreed to hold negotiations on employment training, the social consequences of restructuring and the integration of seriously disabled persons with the European works council. A working group consisting of members of both parties will meet for the first time on 19th April 2007 to agree on the exact procedure. The question at issue is, whether the negotiations should be conducted by the EWC steering committee or by a trade union coordination committee. The formation of such a committee, parallel to the already existing structures of the EWC, is already common practice in many companies of the metal industry.


Priority on the strengthening of the European Works Councils

In the face of the wave of cross-border restructuring that is currently to be observed, the European Metalworkers' Federation (EMF) sees one of its main tasks to organize solidarity within multinational companies. After the first conference on company policy in November 2006 in Brussels, it has now presented its position. The most important point is the strengthening of the European works councils.

  2. What EWC work after a merger?

EWC agreement for UniCredit completed

An EWC agreement was signed for the Italian bank UniCredit on 26th January 2007. The reason for the negotiations was that, after the buying up of HVB Group (Hypovereinsbank and Bank Austria Creditanstalt), a UniCredit's EWC only existed in Germany, not in Italy. The new EWC represents 145,000 workers across Europe, not only in EU countries but also in Switzerland, Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia, San Marino, Turkey, Russia, and the Ukraine. The bank has the most workers in Italy, Poland and Germany.

UniCredit's EWC receives far-reaching participation rights which go beyond information and consultation and are comparable with the regulations recently agreed on for the Allianz insurance company. The agreement provides for two regular meetings per year and up to two extra sessions for exceptional circumstances. The steering committee of six members, who should come from four different countries in the EWC, can set up working groups on relevant subjects and reach agreements on these with central management. The subjects expressly mentioned, are in-company training, equal opportunities, antidiscrimination and occupational health and safety.


Negotiation of new EWC agreement for Arcelor Mittal

After the takeover of Arcelor by Mittal the two European works councils were soon united as well. The third round of negotiations took place on the subject of a new EWC agreement in Brussels on 19th and 20th March 2007. The principles of social dialogue, developed at Arcelor will be transferred to ArcelorMittal, according to the works councils' wishes. Provided that this is guaranteed, the only remaining contentious issue with central management would be the number of delegates in the new EWC. The workers' representatives want to enlarge it from its current 48 members to 72; and the steering committee from 16 to 25 members. Central management refuses. The fourth round of negotiations will take place in the Northern Spanish city of Avilés on 17th and 18th April 2007.

ArcelorMittal management representatives from all over the world met with experts of the International Labour Organization (ILO) in Turin to discuss possible legal consequences of a worldwide framework agreement on 3rd and 4th April 2007. Shortly before the buy-up by Mittal, Arcelor completed such a framework agreement with the trade unions in September 2005.


Axa EWC integrates Winterthur delegates


After the sale of the Swiss insurance company, Winterthur, by Crédit Suisse to the French insurance group Axa in December 2006, Axa's EWC decided to integrate ten workers' representatives of Winterthur into its future ranks. Nine of them belonged to the EWC of Crédit Suisse before. Neither the employer nor the Axa EWC secretary considered it to be necessary to negotiate a new EWC agreement for the time being. This means that the European works council of Axa has grown from 51 on 61 members. It will hold its next meeting in Berlin in June 2007. Even before the sale the secretary of the EWC of Crédit Suisse had taken part in the meetings of the EWC steering committee of Axa as a permanent guest to ease integration. Since the year 2005 Axa has held basic principles concerning the social dialogue on restructuring of this type.

  3. European Works Councils take legal action


Important court decision for Alcatel-Lucent expected


Actually the decision should have already been made on 3rd April 2007 but the French court, called by the European works council, adjourned until 27th April 2007. Several hundred workers, some of them from abroad, had arrived in Paris by bus in order to witness the decision from the proximity of the courtroom. The court has to decide whether the central management had sufficiently complied with obligations, concerning the information and consultation of the "European Committee for Information and Dialogue" (ECID) - so the official name of the EWC - on the subject of a restructuring plan.


The French group Alcatel (58,000 employees) and the U.S. company Lucent Technologies (30,000 employees), a former section of AT&T, had merged on 1st December 2006. With its headquarters in Paris, the new transatlantic group has become a worldwide leading manufacturer of telephone and internet technology. Due to this merger 12,500 jobs are now on the list of cuts. In Germany in particular, the plants in Stuttgart and Nuremberg are threatened.


Following numerous local protests in the countries concerned (France, Germany, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium), the European works council called for a protest day. About 4,500 people from several countries took part in the demonstration in Paris on 15th March 2007. During the period, leading up to this protest day, central management had threatened to switch off the intranet pages of the EWC to withdraw the electronic platform for such protests.

Spy found in interpreter's cubicle


The EWC meeting on 23rd March 2007 shows the means that central management of Alcatel-Lucent have resorted to, in order to push through its restructuring plans against the will of the works councils. EWC members discovered a lawyer, working for the employer, after he had been smuggled in into the interpreters' room in order to eavesdrop on the workers' representatives' internal debate. The EWC exposed this event public in a press release.

Employer's legal position


Prior to the merger the workers' representatives of both enterprises had tried to negotiate a new EWC agreement. They were however unsuccessful due to resistance on the management side. This means that the former Alcatel agreement remains valid in the merged company.


In the current legal proceedings, the group's central management's position is that the ECID is merely a committee for social dialogue and not a fully fledged European works council. They are not entitled to the information and consultation rights of an EWC, according to EWC Directive, because the committee was established in 1996 on a "voluntary" basis before the national EWC laws came into effect. Such agreements actually still benefit from special protection according to article 13 of the EWC Directive.


Possible consequences of the verdict


In this context the forthcoming decision of the French court is of considerable significance to all enterprises that completed a "voluntary" EWC agreement before the deadline in September 1996. According to the calculations of the European Trade Union Institute, this applies to about 430 companies, including almost all well-known big companies (many of them on the German stock market, DAX). Should the court in Paris favour the trade union position, undreamt-of possibilities for the improvement of the EWC's weak participation rights would arise in these enterprises, without even a revision of the EWC Directive.


Declaration of the EWC agreement as invalid

The French construction and telecommunications group, Bouygues, is to obtain a new EWC agreement after their "voluntary" agreement, dating from 1995, was been declared invalid by a Paris court. Consequently in March 2007 central management agreed to the formation of a Special Negotiation Body (SNB), consisting of 17 members. 

A court of appeal declared the former agreement invalid on 12th October 2006. The complaint had been launched by the trade union, CGT, because it felt itself to be disadvantaged in the naming of delegates for the EWC. The judges decided that the agreement on the formation of a "European Committee for Social Dialogue" had been reached correctly, according to article 13 of the EWC Directive, but not correctly extended later on. The CGT, one of the signatories of the agreement, hadn't agreed to the extension. This court decision in actuality means that every trade union in Europe can prevent the continuation of the validity of an article 13 agreement, provided that it was originally one of the signatories.

A comparable agreement is currently being negotiated at the labour court in Stuttgart, Germany. The prosecutor is the works council of Stilke station bookshops in Hamburg in this case. Stilke is a subsidiary of the Swiss Valora group.


The Vaxholm (or Laval) case in ECJ

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) discussed the case of Vaxholm for the first time on 8th January 2007. The case is of Europe-wide significance. The question is in the centre, whether industrial action is permitted, according to EU law, to force foreign companies to observe Swedish industry-wide wage agreements on Swedish soil also for foreign workers. The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) used the beginning of the court case in Luxembourg as an opportunity to confirm its legal position.

  4. Employers consider legal proceedings to be a risk

A decision, made by a French court, which can definitely be regarded as a milestone in terms of jurisdiction on the EWC Directive, was passed as early as November 2006. The European works council of Gaz de France could hinder the planned merger with Suez, using a last-minute injunction. While the decision in the main proceedings has yet to be made by the highest French court of appeal (a decision cannot be expected in the short term), other European works councils are already referring to this verdict.


Thomson EWC threatens legal proceedings


On 8th February 2007 the steering committee of Thomson EWC decided to take legal action. The French electrical company wants to close down in Luxembourg and the UK and shift its DVD production centres to Poland. The information and consultation rights of the European works council, which central management and EWC had agreed upon in May 2006, in an appendix to the EWC agreement, were not respected. The EWC secretary (= spokesman on the workers' side) was also denied access to both plants.


After the decision the management agreed to pay a financial analysis for the EWC and temporarily stopped the measures in the two countries. The EWC is seeking to establish minimum social standards which would become a component in a redundancy scheme in the plants concerned.



Michelin management gives way at the last minute


The European works council of the French tyre manufacturer, Michelin, also referred to the court decision mentioned above, concerning Gaz de France. A vicious lawsuit was called off at the last minute on 3rd April 2007. At a meeting in the rooms of the European Mine, Chemical and Energy Workers' Federation (EMCEF) in Brussels, the employer duly agreed to comply with the consultation procedure and conceded to the special sessions that the EWC was demanding.

From a German perspective, in the face of a lack of co-determination right, this kind of EWC demand needs quite to be explained. Prof. Kotthoff's study, which we have repeatedly referred to in EWC News, presents a typical French EWC meeting:


Employer lobby recommends risk assessment


The employers' friendly London consultancy and lobby office "European Study Group" has recently published an article under the title "European Works Councils flex their muscles". It claims that trade unions abuse European works councils, to get employers into difficulty. After a number of years of peace and harmony, they now allegedly influence multinational companies' decisions with European works councils, through the courts. This would supposedly be a new strategy because they were unsuccessful in revising the EWC Directive at the European Commission. It is followed by an advertisement for the author: Personnel managers should practise risk estimation, with expert advice in order to avoid being the next victim of such trade union strategies.


On their part, trade unions regard the statement of "European Study Group" as a call to breach the EWC Directive.

  5. Minimum social standards agreed

Pan-European Social Charter at Generali


After the European works council of the Italian insurance group, Generali, had organized a Europe-wide action day against restructuring plans on 17th October 2006, central management presented a European social charter, in written form, to the steering committee at the meeting in Venice on 28th November 2006. It is to become a component of the EWC agreement. Besides the ban on child labour and discrimination, it also includes the obligation of the enterprise to the promotion of competence development and in-company training in the case of restructuring. In future workers' representatives are to be involved in consultation procedures in good time in any country where Generali is represented with branch offices.


Worldwide framework agreements concerning minimum social standards


On 15 December 2006 an international framework agreement was signed in Sydney for the 40,000 workers of National Australia Group (NAG) in Australia, New Zealand and the UK. The agreement provides for a meeting between workers' representatives and the management of the bank once a year to verify compliance with the agreement.

France Télécom also wants to present itself as a socially responsible company. In the agreement on minimum social standards with validity worldwide, signed with the trade unions in Paris on 21st December 2006, the management obliges itself to include the workers' representatives concerned in talks about restructuring measure in good time. The written proposal to negotiate the establishment of a world works council then followed this agreement on 15 February 2007.

On 22 January 2007 the global trade union confederation, Building and Wood Workers' International (BWI), signed a framework agreement with worldwide validity with the Dutch construction company, VolkerWessels, in Rotterdam. It also is supported by the European works council. A monitoring group, made up of trade unions and the group's central management, is to verify compliance with the agreement once a year. Outside the Netherlands VolkerWessels is strongly represented in Belgium, Germany, the UK, USA and Canada.


Textile industry: Talks with suppliers in Portugal and Turkey

Representatives of the management and the workers of the Spanish textile retailer, Inditex Group, have held talks with local textile companies in Porto and Istanbul. Inditex would like to reduce the number of its suppliers and there by make a qualitative choice. Enterprises, which conscientiously fulfil Inditex's code of conduct, will be preferred. In an audit the quality of working conditions and health protection will be evaluated, the avoidance of excessive amounts of overtime and payment, according to the legally permitted standards are also included.

  6. Newly founded SEs

Negotiations under way in Fresenius

Following the decision of the general meeting to change the medicine enterprise into a European company (SE) on 4th December 2006, the negotiation of a Europe-wide participation agreement with the workers' side began on 16th January 2007. Central management would not only like to simplify the corporate legal structures with the transformation but also prevent an expansion of the supervisory board to 20 members. This would be legally binding for a German public limited company, however it is subject to negotiation in the case of European companies.

BASF also wants to become an SE

On 27th February 2007 the world market leader in the chemical industry announced that it was to assume the legal form of the European company (SE). The official decision will be made at the general meeting on 26th April 2007. The workers' side will then elect 29 members to a special negotiation body (SNB) which will negotiate an agreement on participation with central management within six months. The workers' side wants to assign the precision work in detail to a small negotiation commission.

The employers' side would obviously like to achieve a reduction of the supervisory board from 20 to 12 members. This question played a role also during the negotiations in the insurance group Allianz as well as in Fresenius. The European works council, which has been in existence since 1995 (official name: BASF Euro Dialogue), is soon to be replaced by a Europe-wide SE works council which fulfils the trade unions' wish for much more extensive rights. The BASF dialogue forum was a pioneer of the early phase of European works councils but is in many ways no longer up-to-date: It can for example only meet once a year.

Conrad Electronic registers as SE

The German retailer, Conrad Electronic, has been signed up as a European company (SE) since 18th August 2006. Though the 2,300 workers don't send any representative to the supervisory board, their interests are looked after by the finance committee of the German group works council.

Elcoteq intends to transfer its headquarters to Luxembourg

The electronics company Elcoteq, based in Finland, was one of the first enterprises Europe-wide to adopt the legal form of an SE on 1st October 2005. The central management has now announced the transfer of its head office to Luxembourg on 1st January 2008 in order to improve its globalisation strategy and to increase competitiveness. This will not have effects on the participation agreement.

  7. European Works Councils in the service sector

Severe lagging in EWC foundation


The service sector is the most important economic sector in the European single market, after the metal industry, with regard to the number of companies which fall under the EWC Directive. While the production sectors of metal and chemistry have already managed to found more than 40% of all European works councils Europe-wide, the service sector takes the last place, of all sectors, with 24%, according to the calculations of the European Trade Union Institute. In June 2005 the EWC Directive applied to 595 service companies, there were 148 European works councils in 143 firms. This number should be a little higher by now. About half of all EWC bodies have already been in existence since the mid nineties.


While the remaining enterprises in the metal and chemistry industry without an EWC prove to have a small number of staff, there still a considerable number of larger companies without an EWC is in the service sector. British and Swedish service companies have been faster at founding EWCs than those from Germany or France. Another unusual feature: European works councils in the service sector are confronted with mergers more frequently than in any other economic sector.


New coordinator of EWC work


The coordination of the European works councils in the service sector is carried out by the Brussels office of the Federation of European trade unions in the service sector (UNI). Ivonne Jackelen (photo) has been responsible for this task since October 2006. She met Werner Altmeyer in Brussels and talked about her work.

At present UNI is supporting 172 existing and emerging European works councils:

  • 59 enterprises from the press and publishing industries

  • 59 banks and insurance companies

  • 22 information technology enterprises

  • 10 post and telecommunications groups

  • 10 enterprises of the wholesale and retail trade

  • 6 enterprises from the cleaning and security sector

  • as well as 2 of each of temporary agency work, tourism and the entertainment industry.

UNI's web page:


Banks complete first EWC agreements in Cyprus

South Cyprus has been part of the EU and therefore fallen within the scope of the EWC Directive since 1st May 2004. However only 65 of the 2,204 enterprises, which fall within the scope of the EWC Directive, are represented with a branch office in the Mediterranean island. 33 of these had already founded an EWC by June 2005. The first two EWC agreements, signed in Cypriot enterprises were with Marfin Popular Bank and Bank of Cyprus in February 2007. Both agreements go beyond the minimum standards of the EWC Directive and also include branch offices in Greece and the UK as well as in Cyprus. The negotiations were above all conducted by the Cypriot bank workers trade union (ETYK).


Further sector-specific reports in past issues of EWC News (only in German):


  8. Czechia: New Labour Code and EWC work

Czech Republic has been an EU member since 1st May 2004. With 10 m. inhabitants, the country is larger than Austria. Czechia has a long industrial tradition however many enterprises have been sold to foreign investors over the last few years. Today the subsidiaries of foreign groups are responsible for half of all industrial production, about a third of employment in industry and about 70% of exports.

Trade union density is about 30%; a similar number of workers are covered by collective agreements. This means that the grey area of unregulated workplaces is substantially larger than in many Western European countries. The Czech trade union confederation ČMKOS organizes about 600,000 members in 33 federations. There are also smaller trade unions but they are relatively insignificant in comparison with ČMKOS. A new labour code, which came into effect in Czechia on 1st January 2007, have brought about some changes. We have compiled some documents here which can help to understand Czech labour laws:

The Czech model of workers' representation

Czech Republic has only known trade union workers' representation, founded by at least just three people, since its transition to the market economy. To make a workers' representation in accordance with EU standards possible for enterprises without trade union, a regulation concerning the founding of "works councils" was included in the labour code of 2001. Accordingly a works council may be founded on request of a third of the workforce, on the condition that there isn't any trade union representation in the company already. It is to be dissolved automatically if a trade union workers' representation is founded later on. This solution, now described as the "Czech Model", didn't exist in any other European country before. According to the law, works councils have fewer rights than a trade union representatives' committee. If an active works council operation develops in a company without a trade union, it can serve as an incentive for the transformation of the works council into a trade union representatives' committee.

European Works Councils in Czechia

As the other countries joining the EU, the EWC Directive came into effect on the day of Czechia's admission to EU, that is on 1st May 2004. Of 2,204 enterprises Europe-wide which could potentially set up a European works council, 636 are represented by a branch office in Czechia (according to the calculations of the European Trade Union Institute in June 2005). This number is more or less comparable with Denmark or Ireland. Amongst the new EU member countries, Czechia ranks third place after Poland and Hungary.

However only eight of these 636 enterprises have their headquarters on Czech soil. So the national economy is in the hands of foreign groups which frequently use the country as an "extended workbench" of the European single market. As many as 231 of the 636 enterprises are German. Almost the half of all enterprises with locations in Czechia had already founded an EWC in June 2005. These 333 councils are now to be enlarged to include delegates from Czechia. A study in the year 2003 shows that at that time over 50 delegates from Czechia were already involved in various EWC bodies, half of them in the metal industry.


The first EWC foundation in a Czech company


An EWC agreement was signed for the electricity company, ČEZ, in Prague on 3rd April 2007. It is the first European works council in a Czech enterprise and the first case for an EWC agreement that exclusively covers into new EU countries. The EWC represents 25,000 workers in Czechia, Poland, Romania and Bulgaria. It consists of 23 members. Seven of them are in the steering committee. The information and consultation rights of the new EWC are considerably more extensive than the minimum regulations of the EWC Directive.

Guide to EWC foundation in eastern European languages

In the context of a project sponsored by the EU, the Slovenian trade union federation ZSSS prepared a guide for the foundation of European works councils for workers' representatives from the new EU member states in June 2006. It is available in Czech, Polish, Slovenian and French.

Previous country specials in EWC News (only in German):

  9. EWC research

Management and EWC - a contradictory relationship?


Since January 2006 a research project on European works councils in Austria is running at the Institute for Society and Social Policy at Linz University. EWC members, trade union secretaries and management representatives are interviewed in twelve groups. Similar to the German study by Prof. Kotthoff the Linz researchers identified several models. They have investigated the role of central management and classified into types. We present from now some selected results:

Type 1: The "culture of cooperation"

In type 1 the management feels the involvement of the EWC as important to increase identification with the company and to create a positive corporate image, both internally and externally. There is often good experience with the course of cooperation in the home country of the group, which fosters the emergence of a trustful cooperation at European level.

The central management operates a transparent and fair information policy to the European works council and places great emphasis on consultation and discussion. The relations are not entirely free of conflicts of interest, but compromises are within reach because of established cooperative relations. Some issues are not decided against the delegates in the EWC. This does not apply to the business strategy, which remains the sole competence of central management, but for labour policy issues (e. g. for an overall group bonus system or social aspects of corporate integration).

In order to use its influence here, the EWC must coordinate its positions internally well and agree on a common policy style towards central management. Only a small, manageable number of groups is characterized by a cooperative and consensual culture of type 1.

In the next issues of EWC News the other types will be outlined:

  • Type 2: The EWC as a presentation forum for the group policy

  • Type 3: The marginal EWC in the authoritarian corporate culture.

Hand in hand with the works council to Eastern Europe?

"Market Efficiency and Workers' Participation Rights" - this is the title of a research project launched at the Institute for Economic Sociology at University of Vienna in cooperation with the Viennese Research and Advice Centre of the Working World (FORBA) and the Warwick Business School (UK) in September 2006. Researchers want to find out whether multinational enterprises, with their headquarters in Western Europe, transfer their social policies to their subsidiaries in central and Eastern Europe. Or do they perhaps choose locations in central and East European countries because trade unions have fewer rights and works councils are hardly known there? The following documents are only available in German:

  10. Interesting web pages

European labour law from a British perspective 

The legal group, Thompsons Solicitors founded in London in 1921, plays an important role in the legal representation of workers organized in trade unions and trade union officers in the UK. Its 800 workers in 22 branch offices are not just concerned with individual but also with collective labour law. It has published a magazine of its own since 1996, which is freely accessible in the Internet: Thompsons Labour and European Law Review.

EWC with a web page of its own

The European works council of the tourism group, Club Méd, has put an exemplary home page onto the Internet. It presents its work in five languages (amongst these English and French) under its official name "European Social Dialog Comittee". You can read discussions with central management in EWC meetings: e. g. questions and answers on the group's strategy plan; works agreements from various countries and press releases can be downloaded.

Statistical evaluation of EWC agreements

Beside the EWC database of the European Trade Union Institute in Brussels there is another possibility of investigating the contents of EWC agreements. The Social Development Agency (SDA) also operates a database. This one processes important characteristics of EWC work statistically in five languages. A list of all query facilities can be found on the web page.

General Motors workers' blog

Since 26th March 2007 there has been a public Internet forum ("blog") for General Motors workers which makes Europe-wide information exchange and discussions possible. The blog was established by the European Metalworkers’ Federation (EMF) and is regarded as a premiere in this form in Europe.

We have collected numerous other interesting links.


  11. New publications

Dictionaries for the works council


The second, revised edition of a German - English dictionary has recently been published. It is the result of a language project of the German Mining, Chemical and Energy Industrial Union. It contains about 5,000 key words from the working world on subjects like work, economy, job training, European Union, law, politics and occupational safety. The book offers a translation of technical terms which are usually missing from many standard language dictionaries.


Christiane Horstenkamp
Dictionary of Labour, Law and Business Terms
English - German, German - English
Frankfurt/Main 2007, 2. Edition, 310 pages, ISBN 3-7663-3742-4, € 19.90

→ Order online


DGB Saar presented a similar one, German - French, in September 2006. It is designed to serve as a language companion in international education and trade union work. The new glossary makes it possible to look up technical vocabulary fast and precisely - both for conversations or discussions and in the context of negotiations. It can be downloaded free of charge and can be ordered from DGB Saar in print.


Jacques Bister/Marcel Mansfeld/Christine Parkin

Wortschatz für die Gewerkschaftsarbeit

Deutsch - Französisch, Französisch - Deutsch

Saarbrücken 2006, 100 pages, € 10.19

Download dictionary          → Order dictionary



Mass redundancies in Germany and England


There can't be two other countries in Europe where the workers` participation rights differ so greatly as between Germany and Britain. This thesis attempts a legal comparison of the similarities and differences and how EU norms on worker participation in the face of mass redundancies have been put into practice in each particular country. Remember that Major's conservative government suffered a sensitive defeat in Luxembourg in front of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) in 1994 because it hadn't integrated the relevant EU standards into the British legal system comprehensively. Information about the current legal position was published in the country special about UK in EWC News, September 2005. The thesis is only available in German.


Melanie Buhlinger

Mitbestimmung bei Massenentlassungen auf Grund von Rationalisierungsmaßnahmen in Deutschland und England

Eine Untersuchung zur Notwendigkeit und zu Möglichkeiten einer Modernisierung der betrieblichen Mitbestimmung, Baden-Baden 2007, 246 pages, ISBN 978-3-8329-2534-5, € 48.-

Further details          → Order online



Temporary injunction for the EWC?


This thesis examines the implementation of the EWC Directive under German, Austrian and Swedish labour law. The author deals in particular with the question of how a European works council can gain its participation rights, using temporary injunction as well as correction and discontinuance claim, according to each respective national labour law. The current continuing revolution in the field of high court law, in conformity with the Directive, is also described clearly in this work. As the revision of the EWC Directive in Brussels is not progressing at present, it is particularly important for the EWC to exploit all legal possibilities already in existence. The book is only available in German.


Lars Hinrichs
Die Durchsetzung der Beteiligungsrechte des Europäischen Betriebsrats
Die Umsetzung der Richtlinie 94/45/EG ins deutsche, österreichische und schwedische Arbeitsrecht

Frankfurt am Main 2007, 335 pages, ISBN 978-3-631-56148-5, € 59.70

Further details          → Order online



Commentaries on the German antidiscrimination law


In the mean time the four antidiscrimination Directives have been implemented in most EU countries - in Germany since August 2006. As a subject introduced at European level, it offers European works councils the chance to be active on the subject of equal opportunities and antidiscrimination (see the Areva case in EWC News 4/2006). Two commentaries have recently been published in German.


The work of Schiek examines the topic from an explicitly European perspective. It shows clearly how the EU Directives were implemented, by means of a commentary on particular regulations of the German law (AGG). Examples from other EU countries are also included in these commentaries. Conveniently the corresponding Directive text is printed below the AGG sections. Positive examples of codes of conduct are found in the appendix.


Dagmar Schiek (ed.)

Allgemeines Gleichbehandlungsgesetz (AGG)

Ein Kommentar aus europäischer Perspektive

München 2007, 552 pages, ISBN 978-3-935808-70-5, € 89.-

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Däubler's and Bertzbach's commentary also goes into the European perspective. 60 opening pages describe the influence of community law on the AGG and the history of the four EU Directives. Furthermore it also examines discrimination bans under international law. It is a little more practice-oriented than Schiek's work however the former is especially convincing with its consistent European stand point.


Wolfgang Däubler/Martin Bertzbach (ed.)

Allgemeines Gleichbehandlungsgesetz


Baden-Baden 2007, 785 pages, ISBN 3-8329-1384-7, € 89.-

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  12. Training and consultancy network "euro-workscouncil.net":
         Examples of our work


Difficult EWC assignment on joint venture


The transport federation of the Italian trade union confederation CGIL wants to found a European works council for the Contship Italia Group. The enterprise from Genoa is a subsidiary of Hamburg's Eurokai group and Bremen's Eurogate. The latter is in turn a joint venture (50%, 50%) of Eurokai and the BLG Logistics Group. The enterprises involved operate numerous container terminals on the North Sea coast and in Mediterranean and Atlantic areas.



The possibilities of setting up an EWC in a such difficult legal situation was the subject of an international workshop which took place in the Croatian harbour resort, Rijeka, from 2nd to 4th February 2007. The training and consultancy network "euro-workscouncil.net" have drawn up a paper for discussion on this subject in collaboration with the labour law expert, Prof Dr Ulrich Zachert of University of Hamburg.


Internationalisation of Air Traffic Control

On 1st January 2007 DFS (Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbH) was to be privatised, according to a decision of the German government. However the Federal President abolished the law in October 2006 on the grounds of constitutional considerations. Anyway the 5,300 workers of DFS are expected to be confronted with restructurings in the context of the "Single European Sky". DFS is currently only represented in Germany and the Netherlands.


From 6 to 9 February 2007, a meeting was held in Berlin for air traffic control works council members to familiarise themselves with the effects of the forthcoming internationalisation. One of the topics prepared by the training and consultancy network "euro-workscouncil.net" dealt with the legal basis for worker participation in Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France and Switzerland.



       Drägerwerk AG founds EWC



A European works council is to be founded for workers of Drägerwerk AG (about 6,500 in total). They manufacture medicine and security equipment in Germany, UK, Netherlands, France, Spain, Italy, Belgium and Sweden. Dräger is one of the few remaining enterprises of this size in IG Metall's coastal region without an EWC. The meeting to found a Special Negotiation Body (SNB) took place with the support of the training and consultancy network "euro-workscouncil.net" at the group headquarters in Lübeck (Germany) on 26th February 2007.



EWC's imminent disintegration


There has been a European works council at American Standard since 2001. It met for its annual meeting in Brussels from 5th to 9th March 2007. The main subject was the pending reorganisation of the group. This questions the EWC's future existence. Before the decision of the group's central management in USA, Dr Werner Altmeyer and Dr Heiner Köhnen of the training and consultancy network "euro-workscouncil.net" were requested to organise a three-day EWC workshop. In the face of the current developments, the contents of this workshop became rather explosive.


Presumably all three divisions were meeting for the last time. The air conditioner division, Trane, will be kept; the brakes and vehicle regulation systems area, Wabco, is to be put on to the stock exchange; the division bathrooms & kitchens, Ideal Standard, sold to another group. This means that in future the workers' representatives will find themselves in three different European works councils once more. While at Trane the EWC agreement with American Standard remain valid, at Wabco a Special Negotiation Body (SNB) will be formed to negotiate a new EWC agreement. The workers' representatives of Ideal Standard are to be incorporated into the EWC of the enterprise that buys it, provided that it already has an EWC.


EWC advisers work together more closely


Works council advisers from Germany and France met in Paris in order to compare their experiences on 19th and 20th March 2007. The meeting had been called by the French consultancy company, Alpha, who also were its host, and PCG Project Consult from Essen, Germany. The "euro-workscouncil.net" training and consultancy network was represented by Dr Werner Altmeyer. Consultancy organisations from the UK, Spain and other countries will be invited to another meeting in summer 2007. The aim is to pool consultancy competence across boarders.



Our publishing activities


Two contributions appeared in January 2007. Under the title "European Works Councils act instead of waiting for the legislator", Werner Altmeyer analyses some recently completed EWC agreements in the magazine Arbeitsrecht im Betrieb. The contribution "The representation of workers' interests in France. Vive la France?" was published by Werner Altmeyer and Christian Dufour in the magazine der betriebsrat. Both articles are only available in German.

French publications


We sent out a French abstract of EWC News again on 12th February 2007 and a contribution, which deals with challenges of restructuring to European works councils, was published in the magazine Confrontations Europe.

Please find a list of additional publications in English on our publications page.


  13. Details of seminars planned

Registration for the following seminars and workshops that we have co-designed can now be made:


Europe for trade union officers of IG Metall

Institutions, European Works Councils and related politics

08. -- 10-10-2007 in Bad Orb


Works council activities in Europe, the Euro Works Council (EWC)

Legal basis, foundation, intercultural communication

04. -- 09-11-2007 in Hamburg → Further details about this seminar (in German)


In-house events

Please find a survey of the subjects of in-house events here:

→ Subjects of In-house seminars

→ Subjects for in-house lectures


  14. Imprint

EWC News is published by:


Training and consultancy network " euro-workscouncil.net "

Von-der-Tann-Str. 4, D-20259 Hamburg
www.euro-betriebsrat.de (German)

www.euro-workscouncil.net (English)

www.euro-ce.org (French)


Authors collaborating on this issue:

Werner Altmeyer, Heiner Köhnen, Kathleen Kollewe, Reingard Zimmer


Distributor of the German version: 7,960 readers

Distributor of the English version: 870 readers

Distributor of the French version: 495 readers


Newsletter archive: www.ewc-news.com


You can obtain or cancel EWC News here.


We are always pleased to receive comments and suggestions in relation to this newsletter as well as reports on your EWC activities. Please write us at: info@euro-workscouncil.net